Black 1.d4 d5 Opening
by FM Steve Stoyko
Lasker Lecture - Number One - Steve Stoyko [D57]
Kenilworth Chess Club/Kenilworth, NJ USA 2005
4. cxd5 exd5 is the Exchange Variation and will be the subject of a later lecture.( Steve does not recommend the Semi-Tarrasch with 4... Nxd5 5. e4 Nxc3 6. bxc3 c5) 5. Bg5 Be7 s least committal(5... c6) (5... Nbd7!? 6. Nxd5?? Nxd5 7. Bxd8 Bb4+ 8. Qd2 Bxd2+ 9. Kxd2 Kxd8-+) Also possible is 4. Bf4!? which had a lot of interest for several years until Black players figured out what to do, which will be covered later.
7. Bxf6 Bxf6 and there are pluses and minuses here--the chief minus being that White ca attack on the kingside with g4-g5 attacking the h6 pawn and labelling that move a problem. 7. Bf4 Black can play an early ...c5
It's tactically advisable for the defensive and more cramped side to exchange some pieces. By exchanging a piece or two, White's pawn advantage in the center is mitigated. Something has to be traded. Once you learn te earlier lines, you can expand your repertoire to add 7... b6!? Tartakower Variation -- Karpov-Kasparov, Karpov-Korchnoi, despite Fischer-Spassky -- but this line leads to more complex stuff than the simplifying Laskers
8. Nxe4?! Bxh4! (8... dxe4 9. Bxe7 Qxe7 10. Nd2 transposes
to a line in the Lasker)
9. Nxh4?! dxe4! 10. Qg4 g5! 11.
The books often say that this position is drawish and boring, but I have won from this position 100% of the time in my 30 years experience playing this line.
...is the best move. 11. Bd3 c5! and I got an edge against Bonin and Susan Polgar from here.(11... Be6) 11. Be2?! is a typical defensive move, trying to prevent the pin by Bg4. 11... Be6!? (11... Bf5?! 12. Qb3 c6 and Black has trouble developing his Knight.) (11... b6!? with ideas like ...c5 and ...Ba6) 12. Rb1 b6 and Black is very comfortable with ideas like ...c5 and ...Nd7 or ...Nc6
11... Qd6!? was
a second idea in the 50s of Guimard and Eliskases, with the idea of playing
an early ...c5. But with the Queen at d6 you can run into ..c5 Qa3! which
is a royal pain in the neck. 12. c4! c6 and
we are passive again(12... dxc4 13. Bxc4 Nc6 (13... Bg4? 14. Ne5)
...is the critical move that solves all of Black's development problems It stops Ne5 and even threatens ...Nxd4 possibly.
And White is behind in development and under attack.
15. Be2 Bxf3 16. gxf3 (16. Bxf3? Nxd4 17. Bxb7 Rab8->)
16... Rac8 is safest and best, especially
in discouraging Queenside castling.( Black has tons of
good ideas: 16... Nb4 17. a3 Nd5)
(16... Rd6!? 17.
17. f4!? Black has resouces such as Qh4, Ne7, Nd5 or other attacking ideas.
The old timers used to play 17... Rd7 with the idea of bringing the Knight over to h4 via Ne7-g6-h4 and White is in trouble.
Reveals one reason behind Qf6 which was dual action, defending the Knight and attacking f3.
19. Ba6 Ne7! Yusupov says this was his idea, which he says gives him at least a forced draw due to Black's attacking chances. The idea is to give up the exchange to get the defender of the White squares of the board.(19... Qxf3 20. Bxc8 Rxc8 (20... Rd6 21. Rfc1+-) )
19... Ne7 20. Kh1 Rd5! with ideas like ..c5 or ..Rh5 and ...Qh4 21. Qc2 Qh4 22. f4 Qxf2 23. Bg4 Qxc2 24. Rxc2 f5 25. Bf3 Rd7=/+ 26. Rbc1 Nd5?! 27. Bxd5+ Rxd5 28. Rxc7 Rxc7 29. Rxc7 Ra5 30. d5! 30. Rc2 Ra3 31. Re2 Kf7-/+ 30... Kf8 31. d6 Ke8 32. Rxg7 Rxa2 33. Kg1 a5?! 34. Re7+ Kd8 35. e4 fxe4 36. Rb7 e3 37. Kf1 a4? 37... Rxh2 38. Rxb6 Rf2+ 38. Rxb6 a3 39. Ra6 Rf2+ 40. Ke1 a2 41. f5! Kd7 41... Rxh2? 42. f6! a1=Q+ 43. Rxa1 Rh1+ 44. Ke2 Rxa1 45. f7!+- 42. f6 Ke6 43. Ra8! Kxd6 44. f7 Rxf7 45. Rxa2 Kc5 46. Ra6= Yusupov should have won this game, and the only reason he did not win wa because his opponent was Karpov! But what did Black do that was so mysterious? Nothing. He developed logically and made simple moves. The only thing he did new was he found the idea ...Rc8, which is also perfectly logical. So it really doesn't matter who you are, you can play like this. 1/2-1/2 [Steve Stoyko]
Game(s) in PGN